Today, blood sugar levels and diabetes have become such a problem that 1 in 12 adults in India is suffering from it. According to the data of the International Diabetes Federation, 537 million people are suffering from diabetes all over the world. India has 74 million adults with diabetes and 40 million adults with Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT), which puts them at high risk of developing Type-2 diabetes.
In the last few years, the number of diabetic patients increased. Therefore, understanding the range of normal blood sugar levels for a person with diabetes is an important part of diabetes self-management. This is the reason why good quality machines like Gluco One Strips 50 are available in the market to check blood sugar level. In today's article, we are sharing complete information related to blood sugar levels and diabetes so that you can be aware of them.
Blood Sugar Levels and Diabetes
The problem of diabetes arises due to the high level of blood sugar in the body. In this, the production of insulin in the body of a diabetic patient decreases or stops, due to which the amount of glucose in the body increases. It is a metabolic disease, which is of two types – Type-1 Diabetes and Type-2 Diabetes. If you are suffering from diabetes, you must have thought about how much your blood glucose level should be.
In case you are not aware of this information, you should know that the official ADA recommendation for fasting normal blood sugar is 70–99 mg/dl (3.9–5.5 mmol/L) for a non-diabetic person and 80–130 mg/dl (4.4–7.2 mmol/L) for a patient with diabetes.
Normal blood sugar should be less than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L) for a non-diabetic person and less than 180 mg/dl (10.0 mmol/L) for a patient with diabetes 2 hours after a meal. HbA1c for a non-diabetic person should be less than 5.7% and the official ADA recommendation is 7.0%. You can check blood sugar levels from home. The best option is to purchase Dr. Morepen BG03 Strips to test for diabetes.
Symptoms of Blood Sugar
Due to an increase in the amount of blood sugar, the body becomes weak and shows many symptoms. It is necessary to detect these symptoms in advance, otherwise, it can lead to complications if not treated for a long time.
The following are the main symptoms of blood sugar:
- increased thirst
- frequent urination
- feeling tired
- dry mouth
- eye problems
- the sensibility of the body due to external infection
- decreased ability to fight infection
- poor wound healing
- nerve damage
- feeling nauseous
- itching or skin problems
- weight gain or loss
The problem of blood sugar is sometimes due to heredity, in which family members such as parents, siblings, etc. may suffer from this problem, but other reasons are also included.
Following are the causes of blood sugar or diabetes-
- high sugar intake
- have heart problems
- fat gain
- growing old
- don't exercise
- hormone imbalance
- irregular meals
- lack of insulin
What Is Blood Glucose?
Blood glucose is the sugar that is present in our blood. The food we consume produces blood glucose. The cells present in our body take the help of the glucose present in the blood to get energy. Our command centre i.e. the brain uses half of the energy obtained from glucose in the body.
When Things Go Away, What To Do?
During eating, the pancreas, an organ located between our stomach and spine, starts functioning and releases enzymes. Enzymes help break down food in our bodies and release hormones for digestion. This helps the body handle the influx of glucose. Insulin is one of these hormones, which restricts the level of glucose in the blood.
Sometimes when the pancreas does not make enough insulin or stops working completely, the level of glucose in the blood of a person with Type-1 Diabetes increases. Another scenario is that sometimes the pancreas produces enough insulin but the cells are not able to use it. It increases the blood sugar level in the body. We see this problem in people with Type-2 Diabetes.
How Do You Know What Your Blood Glucose Level Is?
Normally, you do not feel your blood sugar level. When it becomes more or less, only then you will see its symptoms. If you want to know your blood sugar level, the best way is to check with a Glucose Meter.
To test with a Glucose Metre, first, stick the finger with the lancet. Then, put a drop of blood on the test strip. Now, insert the strip into the metre to see the reading. You can get a free Glucose Metre from a diabetologist but you need to pay for the test strips and lancet. If this is not possible, you can buy it from Rudra Brothers. It provides you with quality products at reasonable prices.
Know Your Number During Testing Blood Glucose Level
A person suffering from diabetes should ask the diabetologist how many times he/she can check blood sugar level in 1 day based on his/her diabetes treatment plan. However, the diabetologist may recommend testing from 1 time to 10 times a day.
Many times you must have seen numbers like 65, 77, 320, or 350 while doing a sugar test. That's why you should know whether it is 'normal' or not. Actually 'normal' means 'standard' or 'conforming to the regular pattern'. You will get the right guidelines from your diabetologist only after knowing about it.
Do's and Don'ts for A Diabetic Patient
It is important to pay attention to some things for patients suffering from blood sugar or diabetes. Follow the diet instructions given below and control diabetes.
Pay attention to regular meals. Always eat healthy and balanced food.
To avoid diabetes, it is necessary to remain physically active. So exercise daily. Go for a walk in the morning and evening.
Include fibre-rich foods, fruits, and vegetables in your daily diet.
Drink healthy drinks like lemon water, coconut water, and vegetable juices. This keeps the body hydrated and the blood sugar level under control.
Consuming alcohol increases the amount of blood sugar in the body. Diabetes patients should not consume alcohol.
Consumption of fruit juice in excess increases the amount of sugar in the blood. So avoid consuming it excessively.
Diabetes patients should avoid staying empty stomach or skipping meals.
There is a lot of sugar present in cold drinks. So keep your distance from cold drinks.
In blood sugar disease, the amount of glucose in the body increases. If it is not detected at the right time, our bodies can be harmed. Therefore it is necessary that you keep checking your blood sugar level regularly.
It is necessary for patients suffering from diabetes to learn about diabetes self-management and avoid the side effects caused by diabetes. For this, you can get a blood sugar checking machine from Rudra Brothers at a reasonable price.
If you liked this information, do share it with your friends and relatives so that they know about diabetes self-management. You can read our other blogs for similar beneficial information.
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